سه شنبه / 30 مهر 1398 [به وب سايت اطلاع رساني حقوق مالكيت فكري خوش آمديد] [طرح پيشنهادي برگزاري مجموعه كارگاه هاي آموزشي تخصصي حقوق مالكيت فكري و حقوق تجاري سازي فناوري ]
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 اداره ثبت اختراعات ژاپن (JPO)
The Role of the Japan Patent Office

The aim of industrial property (IP) system (general term for patent, utility model, design, and trademark systems) is to contribute to the nation's industrial development through adequate protection and effective utilization of inventions and other forms of intellectual creations. To help promote science and technology, the IP system is expected to play an increasingly important role in Japan in the 21st century.

The Japan Patent Office (JPO) consists of the General Affairs Department, the Examination Department, the Appeals Department, and other sections and departments. The main functions of these departments include; 1) granting adequate rights for patents, etc., 2) drafting plans for IP policies, 3) international exchange and cooperation, 4) review of the IP system, and 5) dissemination of information on IP. These functions provide for the positive advancement of industrial development.


1. Granting Exclusive Rights for Patents, Etc.
When the JPO receives an application from anywhere in the world, its examiners from the appropriate technical department must first conduct a strict examination of the filed documents from the viewpoint of technological and legal standards in order to determine whether exclusive patent or other rights can or cannot be granted.
If there is an objection to the result of this examination, the Appeals Department is authorized to act as the court of first instance for a local court in strict accordance with the Civil Procedure Code.

2. Drafting Plans for Industrial Property Policies
In order to realize a "Nation Built on Intellectual Property" for the future, IP policies must be drafted and implemented to promote; 1) prompt examination of patents, 2) support in the use of IP by regions as well as small and mid-sized enterprises, 3) establishment of a "Japan brand", 4) anti-counterfeit programs, and 5) create an environment which encourages the "Intellectual Creation Cycle" (the cycle of creation, protection, and exploitation).

3. International Exchange and Cooperation
To establish an IP environment aimed at an international harmonization, the JPO has been actively working on international activities. Specifically, it has been making collaborative efforts with the USPTO and EPO, extending assistance to developing nations in such areas as office computerization, examination processes, and human resources development, and implementing tougher anti-counterfeiting measures.

4. Review of the Industrial Property System
The JPO continues to review and revise related laws and examination standards based on plans drafted for IP policies, and on the results of international negotiations.

5. Dissemination of Information on Industrial Property
To satisfy diversified user needs, the JPO has been expanding IP information services. For example, improvements have been added to the Industrial Property Digital Library (IPDL) services to be provided over the Internet. We also started publishing DVD-ROM version official gazettes.
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